After the Glorious Revolution in 1689, Bostonians overthrew royal governor Sir Edmund Andros . They seized dominion officials and adherents to the Church of England during a popular and bloodless uprising .  These tensions eventually culminated in the American Revolution , boiling over with the outbreak of the War of American Independence in 1775. The first battles of the war were fought in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts , later leading to the Siege of Boston by continental troops. In March 1776, British forces were compelled to retreat from Boston.