The results of use of PENLAC® NAIL LACQUER (ciclopirox) Topical Solution, 8%, in treatment of onychomycosis of the toenail without lunula involvement were obtained from two double-blind , placebo-controlled studies conducted in the US. In these studies, patients with onychomycosis of the great toenails without lunula involvement were treated with ciclopirox topical solution, 8% in conjunction with monthly removal of the unattached, infected toenail by the investigator. PENLAC® NAIL LACQUER (ciclopirox) Topical Solution, 8%, was applied for 48 weeks. At baseline , patients had 20-65% involvement of the target great toenail plate. Statistical significance was demonstrated in one of two studies for the endpoint "complete cure" (clear nail and negative mycology), and in two studies for the endpoint "almost clear" ( ≤ 10% nail involvement and negative mycology) at the end of study. These results are presented below.
Steroid nasal sprays rarely cause side-effects. This is because they are applied directly to the nose and very little of this medicine is absorbed into the body. Therefore, they are much less likely to cause side-effects in other parts of the body. Occasionally, they cause dryness, crusting, and bleeding of the nose. If this occurs, stop it for a few days and then restart. There have been reports of nasal steroids possibly having an effect on behaviour, particularly in children. This is thought to be rare. However, a few people have reported hyperactivity, problems sleeping, anxiety, depression, and aggression.
Clobetasol propionate is a man-made corticosteroid that is used on the skin (topically). It is available as foam, shampoo, cream, gel, lotion, ointment, solution, and spray. It is similar to alclometasone (Aclovate), hydrocortisone valerate (Westcort), halobetasol ( Ultravate ) and several others. Topical clobetasol is used to treat certain scalp and skin conditions such as psoriasis , rashes, and dermatitis . Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory actions and also suppress the immune response. Clobetasol is a very potent topical corticosteroid and should only be used for a short period of time. Long term use of topical clobetasol propionate can cause serious systemic side effects and should be avoided.